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SS.7.C.3.8 - Processes & Lawmaking

What You Need to Know:

Student Review Reading for SS.7.C.3.8

Analyze the structure, functions, and processes of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

Also Assessed:

SS.7.C.3.9 Illustrate the lawmaking process at the local, state, and federal levels.

Overview:

Benchmark Clarifications:

  • Students will examine the processes of the legislative (e.g., how a bill becomes a law, appointment confirmation, committee selection), executive (e.g., executive order, veto, appointments), and judicial (e.g., judicial review, court order, writ of certiorari, summary judgment) branches of government. Read more!
  • Students will compare local, state, and federal lawmakers (city/county commissioners/council members; state legislators [representatives and senators]; and U.S. congressmen/congresswomen [representatives and senators]). Read more!
  • Students will distinguish among ordinances, statutes, and acts on the local, state, and federal levels. Read more!
  • Students will compare and contrast the lawmaking process at the local, state, and federal levels. Read more!

Example One (Low Complexity)

The diagram below shows some of the steps involved in creating a Florida state law.

C38_Low.PNG

What is the next step in the lawmaking process?

A. The governor signs the bill into law.

B. The bill goes to the Senate for action.

C. The people vote on the bill in an election.

D. The bill goes to the Supreme Court for a hearing.

CLICK HERE FOR ANSWER & EXPLANATIONS

Example Two (Moderate Complexity)

What do the highest courts of Florida and the United States have in common?

A. Both have the same number of justices.

B. Both have chief justices.

C. Justices serve for life with good behavior.

D. Justices serve for set terms of office.

CLICK HERE FOR ANSWER & EXPLANATIONS

Example Three (High Complexity)

The table below describes presidential vetoes.

C38_High.PNG

Based on the table, how has the legislative process been impacted by presidential vetoes?

A. The presidents' views are not reflected in public policy.

B. The presidents' views are reflected in public policy.

C. Congress represents the will of the people.

D. Congress represents the will of the states.

CLICK HERE FOR ANSWER & EXPLANATIONS

C.3.8 - Vocabulary

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FLDOE Civics Tutorials

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courtesy of FL Department of Education


 

Discovery Education

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The Legislative Branch

  • House and Senate Committee Structures (total length 4:57) from Just the Facts: Understanding Government: The Legislative Branch (recommended for classroom use)
  • How a Bill Becomes a Law, Skill Builder
  • How Congress is Organized: The House of Representative (total length 2:50, stop at 2:16) from Standard Deviants School American Government: The Congress
  • How Laws are Made (total length 4:23) from Understanding the Constitution: The Legislative Branch
  • Legislative Branch (total length 1:20) from Our Federal Government: The Legislative Branch
  • The Legislative Branch (total length 4:59) from The Almost Painless Guide: Legislative Branch
  • Organization of the House of Representatives, Skill Builder
  • The Powers of the Legislative Branch (total length 3:40) from Federal Government: The Legislative Branch
  • The Process of Making Laws (total length 2:39) from Federal Government: The Legislative Branch
  • Qualifications for Federal Representatives and Senators (total length 0:45) from Federal Government: The Legislative Branch
  • Review: The Structure (total length 1:29) from Standard Deviants School American Government: The Congress
  • The Senate (total length 1:37, stop at 1:09) from Standard Deviants School American Government: The Congress
  • Special Interest Groups (total length 4:38, stop at 3:30) from Just the Facts: Understanding Government: The Legislative Branch
  • The United States Congress (total length 3:04) from Understanding the Constitution: The Legislative Branch

The Executive Branch

  • Article Two: The Powers of the President (total length 4:46, stop at 3:30) from Understanding the Constitution: The Executive Branch
  • The Executive Branch (total length 13:25, stop at 9:12) from The Almost Painless Guide: The Executive Branch
  • Executive Branch People (total length 3:28) from Our Federal Government: The Executive Branch
  • The Executive Order (total length 3:29) from Just the Facts: Understanding Government: The Executive Branch (recommended for classroom use)
  • Main Powers of the President: The Appointment Power (total length 2:31, start at 1:10) from Standard Deviants School American Government: The Executive Branch
  • The Power of Impeachment (total length 1:45) from Understanding the Constitution: The Executive Branch
  • The Powers and Duties of the Executive Branch (total length 2:20) from Federal Government: The Presidency
  • The Presidential Cabinet: The Departments of the Executive Branch (total length 1:55) from Federal Government: The Presidency
  • Program Review (total length 1:39) from Federal Government: The Presidency

The Judicial Branch

  • Chief Justice, Encyclopedia Article
  • The Federal Judicial System (total length 4:51) from Just the Facts: Understanding Government: The Judicial Branch

Civics on Demand

Civics on Demand

Civics on Demand

Additional Resources

General

Legislative Branch

Executive Branch

Judicial Branch

State & Local Government

Check out this one page Guide to the U.S. Constitution!

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Textbook Review

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Chapter 3, Section 2 - p. 93-97

Chapter 5 - p. 136-152

Chapter 6 - p. 160-173

Chapter 7 - p. 180-192

Chapter 8, Section 2 & 3 - p. 207-216

Chapter 9, Section 1 - p. 228-230

Chapter 9, Section 3 - p. 234-237