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SS.912.A.6.10 Early Cold War 1945 - 1950

What you need to know...

  • You will need to know the social, political, and economic causes of the early years of the Cold War (1945–50).
  • You will need to know the significance of events or actions of the early years of the Cold War (1945–50) that  influenced government policy and social interactions.
  • You will need to know the long-term social, political,and economic implications of events and actions that occurred during the early years of the Cold War (1945–50).
  • You will need to know the varying points of view related to the early years of the Cold War (1945–50) and examine how those points of view shaped public policies and social interactions.
  • You will need to know the impact of the early years of the Cold War  (1945–50) on the lives of individuals in the United States.
  • You will need to know how events of the early years of the Cold War (1945–50) influenced United States involvement in international conflicts.

Terms to know include, but are not limited to:
Berlin blockade, Cold War, Dumbarton Oaks Conference, iron curtain, Marshall Plan, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Nuremberg Trials, Potsdam, Truman Doctrine.

Example 1

The development of the Marshall Plan and the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) were part of President Harry Truman’s effort to
a. end the Korean War
b. limit the spread of communism
c. provide aid to Asian nations
d. promote an isolationist foreign policy


Example 2

The primary purpose for the creation of the United Nations was to

a. maintain an international army
b. promote peace through international agreements
c. free Eastern European countries from communism
d. supply food to all member countries


Example 3

How did the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Warsaw Pact intensify the Cold War?
A. by establishing military alliances based on political philosophies
B. by creating economic unions based on political borders
C. by providing funds for nuclear laboratories
D. by identifying locations for military bases


Example 4

“An attack on one shall be considered an attack on all.” This statement summarizes the foreign policy known a

A. colonialism

B. nonalignment

C. appeasement

D. collective security 



Example 5

Shortly after World War II, the cold war developed mainly as a result of the

a. United States refusal to send economic aid to European nations

b. Soviet domination of Eastern Europe

c. competition between the superpowers to explore outer space

d. continuation of the pre-World War II balance of power


Example 6

Use the following cartoon and your knowledge of U.S. History to answer the question:

berlin airlift.jpg

Which event of 1948–1949 is illustrated by this cartoon?

a. Berlin airlift

b. collapse of the Berlin Wall

c. reunification of Germany

d. allied invasion on Normandy


Example 7

During the Cold War era, the United States and the Soviet Union were hesitant to become    involved in direct military conflict mainly because of

a. the threat of China to both nations

b. pressure from nonaligned nations

c. the potential for global nuclear destruction

d. mutual dependence on Middle East petroleum


home page AH pic.jpg
marshall plan.jpg

In Your Textbook

book cover.jpg

Chapters 18 and 19

Pages 600 - 664

Cold War

This text will be replaced

The Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall

Teaching Assessments