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SS.912.A.6.13 Foreign Policy of the Truman through Nixon Administrations

What you need to know...

  • You need to know the major foreign policy events of the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations shaped social interactions and government policies in the United States and how those policies affected the international perspective of the United States and its role in foreign affairs.
  • You need to know the major foreign policy events of the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations.
  • You need to know the role of nuclear technology in shaping foreign policies during the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations.
  • You need to know the influence of the media on public opinion concerning the presidential foreign policy actions of the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations.

Terms to know include, but are not limited to:
arms race, Berlin, Cold War, domino theory, Indochina, Korean War, McCarthyism, Panmunjom, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), Vietnam War.


Example 1

Base your answer to this question on the cartoon
below and on your knowledge of social studies.


What is the principal message of this cartoon?

A. The United States is afraid of a united Vietnam.

B. Other nations in Southeast Asia might fall to communism.

C. President Lyndon B. Johnson is finding it difficult to exit Vietnam.

D. President Lyndon B. Johnson is worried about a communist attack on the United States.


Example 2

". . . Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty."

Which conclusion is best supported by this quotation from the Inaugural Address of President John F. Kennedy in 1961?

A. The Cold War was over, and the Soviet Union was beginning to unravel.

B. President Kennedy was encouraging a very strong presence in foreign policy in the post-World War II period.

C. Compromise and appeasement were the best avenues to world peace.

D. President Kennedy understood the limitations of power, even for a strong nation like the United States


Example 3

The United States experience in the Vietnam War supports the idea that the outcome of a war

A. is determined mainly by technological superiority

B. is dependent on using the greatest number of soldiers

C. is assured to countries dedicated to democratic ideals

D. can be strongly affected by public opinion


Example 4

Which event led directly to the end of the cold war?

A. reunification of Germany

B. formation of the European Union

C. breakup of the Soviet Union

D. creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)


Example 5

The primary purpose of President Richard Nixon’s policy of détente was to

A. expand United States military involvement in Southeast Asia

B. assure an adequate supply of oil from the Middle East

C. ease tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union

D. maintain a favorable balance of trade with China


Example 6

During the Cold War Era, the easing of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union resulted in

A. the organization of the Warsaw Pact

B. the invasion of Hungary and Czechoslovakia

C. the Berlin Airlift

D. a treaty banning nuclear tests


Example 7

Which factor is most closely associated with McCarthyism?

A. buildup of Soviet missiles in Cuba

B. fear of communist influence in the United States

C. rise of the Communist Party in China

D. creation of the Warsaw Pact by the Soviet Union


Example 8

The photograph below shows President Richard Nixon on a 1972 overseas diplomatic trip.


What was a long-term consequence of the event shown in the photograph?

A. the easing of Cold War tensions

B. the easing of Vietnam War protests

C. a commitment to preserve historical landmarks

D. a commitment to continue humanitarian missions


Example 9

The successful launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957 signaled the beginning of

A. American fears that the Soviets had achieved technological superiority

B. the Cold War with the United States

C. Soviet aggression in Afghanistan and China

D. disarmament discussions between the superpowers


Example 10

What was one similarity between the Red Scare following World War I and the Cold War following World War II?

A. Fear of communism led to the suppression of the civil liberties of some Americans.

B. Large numbers of Russian revolutionaries settled in the United States.

C. Congressional investigations proved that the Federal Government was heavily infiltrated by Communist spies.

D. Renewed fighting between wartime enemies was a constant threat.


FLDOE Tutorial

nixon vietnam.jpg

The Arms Race

The Arms Race

Senator McCarthy

Senator McCarthy

The Berlin Wall

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The Red Scare

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In Your Textbook

book cover.jpg

Chapters 18,20,22 & 24

Pages: 600-630; 668-696; 728-764; 792-826