All Calendars Athletic District Calendar Events School Calendar 2017-2018 Graduation Dates 2017-2018 School Calendar 2018-2019 School Calendar 2019-2020 School Calendar 2020-2021 School Calendar 2021-2022 School Calendar 2022-2023 Uniform Statewide Assessment Calendar Work Calendar
Contacts Directory Accounting Operations Affirmative Action Alternative Education Athletics Behavior Education Support Team (BEST) Budgeting Certification Community Involvement Office Continuous Improvement Court Liaison Curriculum and Instruction Driver's Education Elementary Education Energy Management English Language Arts Escambia County Public Schools Foundation ESOL Evaluation Services Exceptional Student Education Facilities Planning FDLRS Finance and Business Services Fine Arts FOCUS Student Information System Food Services General Counsel Guidance Services Health Services High School Education Human Resource Services Information Technology Internal Auditing Maintenance and Custodial Services Math MediaServices Middle School Education New Facility Name Submissions Operations Payroll & Benefits Accounting PBIS Physical Education Professional Learning Protection Services Psychological Services Public Relations Purchasing Department Risk Management & Benefits Roy Hyatt Environmental Center SAZAC School Choice School Records School Social Workers Science_ECSD Social Studies Student Services Title I Transportation Warehouse Wellness Workforce Education Teaching Employment Opportunities Department Sub Folder
School Listing Page Elementary Schools Middle Schools High Schools Alternative Schools Virtual Academy School Listing with Contact Info Bus Transportation Info Enroll in a School Find Your School
School Board
AeSOP Board Meeting Information Bus Transportation Committees ECSD Meeting Info GroupWise Email Employee Pay Stub - Skyward Employment Information Financial Information Find Your School Focus Free & Reduced Meal Application Meal Payments My Links Risk Management & Benefits School Choice Information Schoolnet School Violence Staff Students Student of the Month Vendors Student Online Registration Teacher Resources Page TrueNorthLogic

SC.912.L.17.5 Population Size

What You Need to Know

  • You need to know how population size is determined by births, deaths, immigration, emigration and limiting factors.
  • You need to be able to use data about population dynamics, abiotic factors, and biotic factors to explain a change in carrying capacity and population size in an ecosystem. 
  • You need to know that different types of organisms exist within aquatic systems due to chemistry, geography, light, depth, salinity, and/or temperature.
  • You need to know the potential changes in an ecosystem resulting from seasonal variations, climate changes and/or succession.
  • You need to know the positive or negative consequences that result from a reduction in biodiversity.

Example One

Mullet are local estuarine fish that move in schools and feed on plankton and plant matter. Natural predators of the mullet include spotted sea trout, sharks, pelicans and dolphins. The graph below shows how the number of mullet in an area has changed over time. 

mullet graph.jpg

Based on the data, one student concludes that a new predator was introduced into the area during this time period. Which of the following is a likely alternate explanation for the change in the mullet population?

A. mullet prey increased in the area

B. mullet parasites decreased in the area

C. the temperature of the area increased

D. the amount of aquatic plants in the area decreased


Example Two

How does the predator-prey relationship affect a population?

A. The predators and prey are in competition with each other.

B. Usually either the predator or the prey will become extinct.

C. The predator species usually has exponential growth.

D. The relationship controls the population size of both species.


Example Three

Data on the immigration and emigration of a fish species would be most helpful in determining which of the following?

A. biological magnification

B. interspecies competition

C. population of the species

D. predator-prey relationships


Example Four

When an environment has reached its carrying capacity for a certain population, which of the following is true? 

A. Growth and immigration rate is equal to death and emigration rate.

B. Growth and immigration rate is greater than death and emigration rate.

C. Growth and immigration rate is less than death and emigration rate.

D. Growth rate is exponential.


Example Five

The pH of the water in several lakes in Norway and Sweden had decreased to below 5.0 due to an increase in acid rain. Which of the following is most likely to happen in these lakes? 

A. the decline of several fish populations.

B. an increase in numbers of fish

C. an increase in the amount of primary producers

D. increased predator-prey relationships


Example Six

Which of the following is a limiting factor in a population of organisms. 

A. reproductive replacement

B. life spans of the members

C. fluctuations in atmospheric temperature

D. availability of food


Example Seven

Which of the following are abiotic factors that shape ecosystems? 

A. worms, plants and temperature

B. wind, precipitation, and soil type

C. niches, trees, and bacteria

D. sunlight, mushrooms, and wind


Example Eight

The common brushtail possum is a marsupial native to Australia. This possum was introduced to New Zealand where it had no natural predators and had an abundant food supply. Which of these likely occurred a few years after the introduction of this possum to New Zealand?

A. The possums became extinct.

B. The possums developed shorter life spans.

C. The possum population grew to a larger size.

D. The possum population evolved into a different species.


Example Nine

The number of pythons found throughout Everglades National Park has increased in recent years. These huge snakes are not native to Florida and are believed to have been released into the wild by pet owners. Wildlife biologists have initiated attempts to capture and remove these pythons. Which statement best explains the biologists' reasons for removing these pythons from the Everglades?

A. The pythons could upset the territorial boundaries of native organisms.

B. The pythons could adapt to overcome diseases common to native snakes.

C. The pythons could prey on native organisms and cause native population to decline.

D. The pythons could begin to interbreed with native snakes and produce a more successful species.


Example Ten

Why are there so few aquatic plants and phytoplankton that live at the bottom zones in the ocean?

A. The ocean floor contains many decomposers.

B. Most sunlight is absorbed before reaching these levels. 

C. Water is a limiting factor.

D. The temperature in these zones is extremely low.


population size.jpg
video tutorials.jpg

Crash Course - Population Ecology

This text will be replaced

Crash Course - Community Ecology

This text will be replaced

Crash Course - Ecological Succession

This text will be replaced

Carrying Capacity of the Environment

This text will be replaced

Graph - Limiting Factors

This text will be replaced

Invasive Species

This text will be replaced

Consequences of Human Activity

This text will be replaced

Effect of Climate Change on Species

This text will be replaced

In Your Book

General Biology - Sections 14.3-14.5, pgs. 436-447

Honors Biology - Sections 5.1 and 5.2, pgs. 108-116

Additional Activity Links