The American people believed that education should be iniversal in order for our society to be perpetrated; thus, the 1642 Compulsory Education Act and the 1852 compulsory attendance law were passed.
Educators realized that if all children were to be educated, there was a need for a varied curricula and other educational services to meet the needs and interests of all the children and develop an understanding of the children, their families and the impact of the community on the students' educational development.
The Escambia County School District is acutely aware of this impact and seeks to counter the impact through the services of specially trained professionals. The Schpp; Social Workers serve as an extension of the schools to reach out into the community to assist students who may encounter educational, social, or emotional problems.
The early emphasis of these services was on truancy and non-attendance. As in most other states, Florida and Escambia County School Social Workersplace emphasis on identifying and correcting the causes of non-attendance and contributing to a satisfactory adjustment of problems. Prevention is the operative word in the Department of School Social Workers.
School Social Workers assist students in both the school and family environment. They provide assistance to administrators and teachers in providing the best possible learning environment for students in order that each may develop to his/her optimum potential.
Needs and Problems of Children
We believe that every child is a unique being. We also believe that in addition to basic needs, there are other problems unique to each child. The Social Worker's work is deisigned to supplement, not duplicate, the services of the classroom teacher. There are basic needs and problems common in all children that may involve referrals to appropriate agencies.
- Failure to enroll in school
- Parental neglect
- Repeated failure
- Inability to reach potential
- Lack of initiative
- Inability to see value in school
- Parental neglect, rejection, deprivation or over protection
- Unrealistic goals set by parents
- Child abuse
- Sexual abuse
- Sibling rivalry
- Parental inability/Neglect to recognize disabilities
- Parental inability/Neglect to seek professional care
- Need for food, clothing, and shelter
- Need for financial assistance
BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY PROBLEMS
- Failure to adjust and relate to authority
- Uncontrolled hostility/Anger management
- Food, clothing, shelter, safety
- Sexual role
- Love and relationships
- Order and meaning
- Adequacy and competence
PROBLEMS RELATED TO PEERS
- Bullying and intimidation
- Poor impulse control
PROBLEMS RELATED TO SELF
- Frequent crying
- Social withdrawal
- Atypical behavior
- Feelings of inadequacy
- Poor self-esteem and/or self-worth
- Drug experimentation and abuse
- Threatened and attempted suicide
Inservice training takes place through professional School Social Workers meetings, active involvment with inservice programs of other disciplines and through planned inservice components in areas of interest to the department.
We believe that every child should be given the maximum opportunity to succeed. We believe in dealing with information related to the child in a professional manner.
Truthful recognitions of our limitations of confidentiality are made known to the student as needed.
RESEARCH AND EVALUATION
Research and evaluation are needed to determine if, and to what extent, appropriate services are being rendered to the students. Constantly changing conditions require a continuous assessment, which can reduce wasted effort and lead to a program that will meet the needs more effectively. The School Social Worker weill be able to meet the changing needs of the students and answer questions posed by parents, school personnel and other stakeholders.
Financial need for well-planned, adequately staffed program may be justified through research and evaluation.
Research and evaluation should assist the School Social Work Program and community services to compliment each other, to avoid duplication of services and to point out the need for further services.
Attendance Referral Procedures
Prior to referral: The school shall contact the parent/gaurdian daily for each unexplained absence. See Rights and Responsibly Handbook.
An Attendance Child Study Meeting MUST be held after five (5) unexcused absences within a calendar month or ten (10) unexcused absences within a 90-calendar-day-period and prior to generating a refferal to the School Social Worker. All referrals MUST be completed by the prcincipal or his/her designee.