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SS.912.A.7.6 Civil Rights Movement

What you need to know...

  • You will need to know the social, cultural, political, and economic significance of events or actions related to the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement.
  • You will need to know the key organizations that shaped the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement and the goals and motivations of those organizations.
  • You will need to know the effectiveness of tactics used by organizations and individuals in shaping the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement.
  • You will need to know the actions of individuals involved in the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement.
  • You will need to know how other reform movements were influenced by the leadership, practices, and achievements of the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement.

Terms to know include, but are not limited to:

Black Panthers, Civil Rights Act (1964), Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Freedom Riders, March on Washington, Nation of Islam, National Urban
League, sit-ins, social activism, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

Example 1

“Jackie Robinson Breaks Color Barrier in Major League Baseball”
“President Truman Issues Executive Order Desegregating Armed Forces”
“NAACP Challenges School Segregation”


These headlines are most closely associated with
a. a decline in African American participation in political activities
b. the beginning of the modern civil rights movement
c. Southern resistance to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
d. the effects of affirmative action programs

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Example 2

…You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. This is certainly a legitimate concern. Since we so diligently urge people to obey the Supreme Court’s decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools, at first glance it may seem rather paradoxical for us consciously to break laws. One may want to ask: “How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?” The answer lies in the fact that there are two types of laws: just and unjust. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. I would agree with St. Augustine that “an unjust law is no law at all.”…
— Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.,
“Letter from Birmingham Jail,” April 16, 1963

Which type of action against unjust laws is Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. supporting in this passage?

a. militant resistance

b. civil disobedience

c. judicial activism

d. affirmative action

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Example 3

…You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. This is certainly a legitimate concern. Since we so diligently urge people to obey the Supreme Court’s decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools, at first glance it may seem rather paradoxical for us consciously to break laws. One may want to ask: “How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?” The answer lies in the fact that there are two types of laws: just and unjust. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. I would agree with St. Augustine that “an unjust law is no law at all.”…
— Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.,
“Letter from Birmingham Jail,” April 16, 1963

 

 

Which statement most accurately summarizes the main idea of the passage?
a. People must obey Supreme Court decisions.
b. You can never break some laws while obeying others.
c. Violence brings faster results than peaceful protest.
d. Following moral principles is sometimes more important than following the law.

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Example 4

Lunch counter sit-ins and the actions of freedom riders are examples of

a. steps taken in support of the Americans with Disabilities Act
b. programs dealing with affirmative action
c. violent acts by the Black Panthers
d. nonviolent attempts to oppose segregation

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Example 5

"Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."

-Brown v. Board of Education


The effect of this Supreme Court ruling was to

a. establish affirmative action programs in higher education
b. require the integration of public schools
c. desegregate the armed forces and the military academies
d. force states to spend an equal amount on each public school student

Example 6

Cesar Chavez created the United Farm Workers Organization Committee (UFWOC) in 1966 primarily to

a. secure voting rights for Mexican Americans
b. improve working conditions for migrant laborers
c. provide legal assistance to illegal aliens
d. increase farm income 
 

Example 7

The data included in the table suggest that since 1971

7b_4.gif

a. boys are losing interest in participating in sports
b. participation in sports by boys and girls is nearly equal
c. girls’ participation in sports equals that of boys
d. girls’ participation in sports is increasing at a faster rate than that of boys

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Example 8

The information on the map supports the conclusion that African American migration between 1940 and 1970 was mainly from the

0609_afammigrationmap.GIF

a. urban areas to rural areas
b. south to the north
c. Mountain states to the West Coast
d. Sun Belt to the Great Plains
 

Example 9

The data in this chart support the conclusion that between 1960 and 1990

7b_3.gif

a. government failed to pass laws that granted women equal access to jobs
b. the earnings gap between men and women was only slightly improved
c. women’s earnings consistently increased faster than those of men
d. most higher paying jobs were still not legally open to women

Example 10

The changes shown in the chart were most directly the result of the

7b_1.gif

a. enactment of voting-reform laws by these southern states
b. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education
c. passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
d. executive branch’s resistance to protecting the civil rights of minorities

Example 11

The statement below was made during the 1960s by Jackie Robinson, the first African American to play Major League Baseball in the United States.

Quote 1.jpg

Based on this statement, how did Jackie Robinson influence the civil rights movement?
A. by encouraging social activism
B. by promoting racial segregation
C. by collecting political contributions
D. by organizing educational programs

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civilrights.gif

In Your Textbook

book cover.jpg

Chapter 21 & 23

Pg. 698-727; 766-788