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SS.912.A.5.11 Great Depression and New Deal

What you need to know...

  • You need to know the cause-and-effect relationships of economic trends as they relate to society in the United States during the 1920s and 1930s.
  • You need to know  the impact of business practices, consumer patterns, and government policies of the 1920s and 1930s as they relate to the Great Depression and subsequent New Deal.
  • You need to know  the human experience during both the Great Depression and the New Deal.
  • You need to know  the long-term social, political, and economic consequences of the 1920s and 1930s on society in the United States and/or Florida.
  • You need to know  the effects of the changing role of tourism in Florida’s development and growth (1890–1930), the land boom and bust (1920–30), and/or the impact of the Great Depression (1926–40).

Terms to know include, but are not limited to:

Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA), bank holiday, Black Tuesday, Bonus Expeditionary Force, bull market, buying on margin, Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), Dust Bowl, economic boom, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Great Depression, Gross National Product (GNP), impact of climate and natural disasters, National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act), National Recovery Act (NRA), National Recovery Administration (NRA), New Deal, Recovery, Reform, Relief, Roaring Twenties, Sit-Down Strike, Smoot-Hawley Tariff, Social Security, speculation boom, Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Works Progress Administration (WPA).

Example 1

Which economic factor contributed most directly to the start of the Great Depression?
a.  low worker productivity
b.  high income taxes
c.  decreasing tariff rates
d. buying stocks on margin


Example 2

What was a guiding principle of the New Deal economic policies?
a. Pro-business tax breaks would solve the problems associated with urban poverty.
b.  Antitrust legislation would destroy the free market economy of the United States.
c.  Rugged individualism must be allowed to solve social inequality.
d. Government must assume more responsibility for helping the poor.


Example 3

President Franklin D. Roosevelt believed that declaring a bank holiday and creating the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) would help the nation’s banking system by
a. restoring public confidence in the banks
b. reducing government regulation of banks
c. restricting foreign investments
d. granting tax relief to individuals


Example 4


During the 1930s, the conditions shown in this photograph occurred mainly
a.on the Atlantic Coast
b. on the Great Plains
c. in the Rocky Mountains
d. in the Pacific Northwest


Example 5

Base your answer to the question underneath on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

fdr sled.png

Which statement about President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plans for a second term most accurately expresses the main idea of the cartoon?
a. Congress will give President Roosevelt a free hand to lead the nation.
b. The American people will trust Congress to control President Roosevelt.
c. President Roosevelt will seek direction from the people.
d. The Great Depression will no longer be a serious concern.


Example 6

A major reason for creating the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in 1933 was to
a. build and manage a turnpike in the valley
b. provide health care benefits for southerners
c. encourage African Americans to settle in the valley
d. improve economic conditions in a poor rural region


Example 7

The political cartoon below depicts President Franklin Roosevelt in 1934.


Based on the cartoon, how did President Roosevelt want to ease the Great Depression?
A. by expanding the role of government in citizens’ lives
B. by expanding the authority of legislative representatives
C. by regulating the stock purchases by individual investors
D. by restricting the spending by government on domestic projects


Example 8

Use the cartoon and your knowledge of U.S. history to answer the question below.


The cartoon illustrates which event leading to the onset of the Great Depression?

A. Bank failures

B. Black Tuesday

C. Bonus March

D. Election of Herbert Hoover


Example 9

Which of the following compounded the devastation caused by the Great Depression?

            A. the beginning of WWII

            B. the Red Scare and infiltration of communistic ideas

            C. influenza epidemic and poor healthcare

            D. Midwestern drought and Dust Bowl


Example 10

Use the quotation in the box below and your knowledge of U.S. history to answer the following question.

“Little by little the American federation is transforming itself into a union, marked by the growth in importance of the role of the federal capital. In the beginning the U.S. had only a small federal bureaucracy. Today, the central administration is powerful and rich.

                                      --Andre Maurois in “This Was America”


Author Andre Maurois traveled through the U.S. in the 1930s and observed a growing unity in the American people. How did the New Deal help bring Americans closer together?

A. The New Deal involved the federal government trying to fix a national problem.

B. New Deal jobs and public works programs gave people something to agree upon.

C. President Roosevelt, who designed the New Deal, was elected four times.

D. The New Deal encouraged the spread of popular culture through radio and movies.



In Your Textbook

book cover.jpg

Chapters 14 and 15

Pages 462 - 525

The Great Depression

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