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SS.7.C.3.11 - Federal and State Courts

Reporting Category 1: Origins and Purposes of Law and Government

Reporting Category 1: General

Enlightenment Ideas: SS.7.C.1.1

Impact of Key Documents: SS.7.C.1.2

English Policies: SS.7.C.1.3

Declaration of Independence: SS.7.C.1.4

Articles of Confederation: SS.7.C.1.5

Preamble of the Constitution: SS.7.C.1.6

Separation of Powers and Checks & Balances: SS.7.C.1.7

Federalists and Anti-Federalists: SS.7.C.1.8

Rule of Law: SS.7.C.1.9

Sources & Types of Laws: SS.7.C.3.10

Reporting Category 2: Roles, Rights, and Responsibilities of Citizens

Reporting Category 2: General

Citizenship: SS.7.C.2.1

Obligations of Citizens: SS.7.C.2.2

Bill of Rights & Other Amendments: SS.7.C.2.4

Constitutional Safeguards & Limits: SS.7.C.2.5

Constitutional Rights: SS.7.C.3.6

13th, 14th, 15th, 19th, 24th, & 26th Amendments: SS.7.C.3.7

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: SS.7.C.3.12

Reporting Category 3: Government Policies and Political Processes

Reporting Category 3: General

Political Parties: SS.7.C.2.8

Qualifications for Political Office: SS.7.C.2.9

Monitoring & Influencing Government: SS.7.C.2.10

Media & Political Communications: SS.7.C.2.11

Public Policy: SS.7.C.2.12

Multiple Perspectives: SS.7.C.2.13

U.S. Domestic & Foreign Policy: SS.7.C.4.1

Participation in International Organizations: SS.7.C.4.2

U.S. & International Conflicts: SS.7.C.4.3

Reporting Category 4: Organization and Function of Government

Reporting Category 4: General

Forms of Government: SS.7.C.3.1

Systems of Government: SS.7.C.3.2

Three Branches of Government: SS.7.C.3.3

Federalism: SS.7.C.3.4

Amendment Process: SS.7.C.3.5

Structure, Function, & Processes of Government: SS.7.C.3.8

Court System: SS.7.C.3.11

United States & Florida Constitutions: SS.7.C.3.13

Government Obligations & Services: SS.7.C.3.14

What You Need to Know:

Student Review Reading for SS.7.C.3.11

Diagram the levels, functions, and powers of courts at the state and federal levels.

Also Assessed:

SS.7.C.2.6 - Simulate the trial process and the role of juries in the administration of justice.

Overview:

Benchmark Clarifications:

  • Students will distinguish between the levels, functions, and powers of courts at the state and federal levels. Read more!
  • Students will recognize that the powers and jurisdiction of the state and federal courts are derived from their respective constitutions. Read more!
  • Students will compare appellate and trial processes. Read more!
  • Students will examine the significance of the role of juries in the American legal system. Read more!

Example One (Low Complexity)

What is the correct order of Florida's courts, from lowest to highest authority?

A. circuit courts, Florida Supreme Court, county courts, District Court of Appeals

B. county courts, circuit courts, District Court of Appeals, Florida Supreme Court

C. District Court of Appeals, Florida Supreme Court, county courts, circuit courts

D. Florida Supreme Court, circuit courts, District Court of Appeals, county courts

CLICK HERE FOR ANSWER & EXPLANATIONS

Example Two (Moderate Complexity)

The diagram below provides details about the U.S. court system.

C311_Moderate.PNG

Which court completes the diagram?

A. Court of Veterans Appeals

B. Court of Appeals

C. Military Courts

D. Claims Courts

CLICK HERE FOR ANSWER & EXPLANATIONS

Example Three (High Complexity)

The graph below describes appeals filed by type of appeal in the U.S. Courts of Appeals, 1990-2010.

C311_High.PNG

Based on the graph, what conclusion can be drawn about court cases in the U.S.?

A. More civil cases are being filed without legal representation.

B. More criminal cases are being filed without legal representation.

C. More criminal actions are being dropped before trial.

D. More civil actions are being dropped before trial.

CLICK HERE FOR ANSWER & EXPLANATIONS

C.3.11 - Vocabulary

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FLDOE Civics Tutorials


courtesy of FL Department of Education

Discovery Education

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  • Appellate, District, and State Courts (total length 3:04, stop at 2:07) from Framework for Democracy: The Rule of Nine (recommended for classroom use)
  • Court of Appeals, Encyclopedia Entry
  • Courts in the United States, Encyclopedia Entry
  • The Federal Court System, Skill Builder
  • How a Case Goes to the Supreme Court, Skill Builder
  • Judicial Branch Courts (total length 1:55) from Our Federal Government: The Judicial Branch
  • Jurisdiction, Encyclopedia Entry
  • The Principal of Judicial Review (total length 1:00) from Federal Government: The Supreme Court
  • The Supreme Court (total length 2:01) from Our Federal Government: The Judicial Branch
  • Trial Procedure & Jury Duty (total length 3:35) from This is Your Government: What Does It Mean to Be a Good Citizen
  • Turning Points, Trial by Jury (total length 4:14) from On Common Ground: Sticks and Stones, Part 2 (recommended for classroom use)

Civics on Demand

Additional Resources

Textbook Review

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Chapter 7, Section 2 - p. 185-188

Chapter 8, Section 4 - p. 217-220