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SS.912.A.7.4 1960's Foreign and Domestic Policy

Research and Inquiry Skills

late nineteenth and early twentieth century

global military, political, and economic challenges

the united states and the defense of the international peace

What you need to know...

  • You will need to know the foreign policy initiatives of the 1960s-era presidents and/or evaluate how those policies affected both foreign and domestic relations.
  • You will need to know the domestic policy initiatives of the 1960s-era presidents and/or evaluate how those policies affected both foreign and domestic relations.
  • You will need to know the incentives for 1960s-era foreign and domestic policies.
  • You will need to know the controversies associated with the 1960s-era foreign and domestic policies.
  • You will need to know the influence of the media concerning presidential foreign and domestic policies or actions of the 1960s.

Terms to know include, but are not limited to:

antiwar protests, arms race, conscientious objector, Cuban Missile Crisis, demilitarized zone (DMZ), domino theory, doves, draft, Equal Rights  Amendment (ERA), Great Society, Gulf of Tonkin Incident, hawks, immigration, migration, nuclear proliferation, Paris Peace Accords, superpower, Tet Offensive, Vietnamization, women in the workforce.

Example 1

Base your answer to the question on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.

“This Government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet Military buildup on the island of Cuba. Within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the fact that a series of offensive missile sites is now in preparation on that imprisoned island. The purpose of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere. . . .”
— President John F. Kennedy, October 22, 1962

Which action did President Kennedy take following this statement?

a. urging Allied forces to remove Soviet weapons from Cuba
b. ordering a naval quarantine of Cuba
c. breaking off diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union
d. asking the United Nations to stop grain shipments to the Soviet Union


Example 2

… For the war against poverty will not be won here in Washington. It must be won in the field, in every private home, in every public office, from the courthouse to the White House.…
— President Lyndon B. Johnson, State of the Union Address, January 8, 1964

This statement expresses President Lyndon B. Johnson’s view that the
a. federal government is solely responsible for the war on poverty
b. court system must be held accountable for poverty
c. problem of poverty is easily solved
d. entire country must help fight poverty


Example 3

Which development is most closely associated with the belief in the domino theory?
a. military involvement in Vietnam
b. construction of the Berlin Wall
c. signing of the nuclear test ban treaty
d. end of the Korean War


Example 4

The timeline below displays the sequence of some of the Great Society programs.timeline


How did President Lyndon Johnson believe these programs would change society?
A. by creating economic incentives for entrepreneurship
B. by promoting equal opportunity and reducing poverty
C. by developing government agencies to monitor race relations
D. by encouraging civic participation and eliminating infectious diseases


Example 5

". . . Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty."

Which conclusion is best supported by this quotation from the Inaugural Address of President John F. Kennedy in 1961?


a. The Cold War was over, and the Soviet Union was beginning to unravel.
b. President Kennedy understood the limitations of power, even for a strong nation like the United States
c. Compromise and appeasement were the best avenues to world peace.
d. President Kennedy was encouraging a very strong presence in foreign policy in the post-World War II period.


Example 6

President John F. Kennedy supported the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba as an effort to

A. remove a communist dictator from power

B. stop the flow of illegal drugs to the United States

C. support Fidel Castro’s efforts for reform

D. rescue hostages held by Cuban freedom fighters


Example 7

Which congressional bill gave President Johnson unprecedented power and the ability to use whatever means necessary to protect American interest & military bases in Vietnam

a.   Gulf of Tonkin Resolution                   

b.   Vietnam Conflict Act                              

c.  Gulf of Tonkin Executive Order

d.  Pacification Program


Example 8

The War Powers Act of 1973 was intended to affect the balance of power between the President and Congress by _______.

a. allowing troops to be sent overseas without the president’s consent

b. requiring the president to remove all United States troops from Southeast Asia

c. permitting the president to enter treaties without Senate approval

d. placing limitations on the president’s ability to keep troops in hostile situations


Example 9

Which of the following best describes the counterculture of the 60’s and 70’s?

a. Culture of the youth clashed with the establish, traditional culture

b. Culture of the youth coincides with the established, traditional culture

c. Culture of the baby boomers is accepted by the culture of America’s “Greatest Generation”

d. African-American and Women’s Rights Activists supporting each other


Example 10

Review the chart below and answer the following question

Vietnam 1

Between which two years did American military personnel in Vietnam escalate the greatest?


b. 1961-1962 

c. 1969-1970

d. 1965-1966


FLDOE Tutorial

cuban missle crisis

In Your Textbook

book cover

Chapter 20 & 22

Pgs. 668-696; 728-764

The U.S. and the Vietnam War
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