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SS.7.C.3.4 - Federalism

Reporting Category 1: Origins and Purposes of Law and Government

Reporting Category 1: General

Enlightenment Ideas: SS.7.C.1.1

Impact of Key Documents: SS.7.C.1.2

English Policies: SS.7.C.1.3

Declaration of Independence: SS.7.C.1.4

Articles of Confederation: SS.7.C.1.5

Preamble of the Constitution: SS.7.C.1.6

Separation of Powers and Checks & Balances: SS.7.C.1.7

Federalists and Anti-Federalists: SS.7.C.1.8

Rule of Law: SS.7.C.1.9

Sources & Types of Laws: SS.7.C.3.10

Reporting Category 2: Roles, Rights, and Responsibilities of Citizens

Reporting Category 2: General

Citizenship: SS.7.C.2.1

Obligations of Citizens: SS.7.C.2.2

Bill of Rights & Other Amendments: SS.7.C.2.4

Constitutional Safeguards & Limits: SS.7.C.2.5

Constitutional Rights: SS.7.C.3.6

13th, 14th, 15th, 19th, 24th, & 26th Amendments: SS.7.C.3.7

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: SS.7.C.3.12

Reporting Category 3: Government Policies and Political Processes

Reporting Category 3: General

Political Parties: SS.7.C.2.8

Qualifications for Political Office: SS.7.C.2.9

Monitoring & Influencing Government: SS.7.C.2.10

Media & Political Communications: SS.7.C.2.11

Public Policy: SS.7.C.2.12

Multiple Perspectives: SS.7.C.2.13

U.S. Domestic & Foreign Policy: SS.7.C.4.1

Participation in International Organizations: SS.7.C.4.2

U.S. & International Conflicts: SS.7.C.4.3

Reporting Category 4: Organization and Function of Government

Reporting Category 4: General

Forms of Government: SS.7.C.3.1

Systems of Government: SS.7.C.3.2

Three Branches of Government: SS.7.C.3.3

Federalism: SS.7.C.3.4

Amendment Process: SS.7.C.3.5

Structure, Function, & Processes of Government: SS.7.C.3.8

Court System: SS.7.C.3.11

United States & Florida Constitutions: SS.7.C.3.13

Government Obligations & Services: SS.7.C.3.14

What You Need to Know:

Student Review Reading for SS.7.C.3.4

Identify the relationship and division of powers between the federal government and state governments.


Benchmark Clarifications:

  • Students will define the system of federalism. Read more!

  • Students will analyze how federalism limits government power. Read more!

  • Students will compare concurrent powers, enumerated powers, reserved powers, and delegated powers as they relate to state and federal government. Read more!

  • Students will analyze the issues related to the Tenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Read more!

Example One (Low Complexity)

Which is delegated to the national government?

A. conducting elections

B. establishing courts

C. coining money

D. taxing citizens


Example Two (Moderate Complexity)

Which statement describes a similarity between the state and the federal governments under the U.S. Constitution?

A. Both levels of government allow for the election of judges.

B. Both levels of government have the power to ratify treaties.

C. Both levels of government allow for the collection of taxes.

D. Both levels of government have the power to appoint ambassadors.


Example Three (High Complexity)

The map below describes the number of people on death row in the United States as of 2012.

C34 High

What constitutional relationship does the map illustrate?

A. enumerated powers

B. concurrent powers

C. delegated powers

D. reserved powers


C.3.4 - Vocabulary


FLDOE Civics Tutorials

FL vs US
Two Governments
courtesy of FL Department of Education

Discovery Education


  • Federal Government (total length 3:01) from Social Studies Video Vocab: Primary: Volume 01
  • The Ninth and Tenth Amendments (total length 2:24, only watch 0:28-1:20) from Just the Facts: The Constitution: The Bill of Rights and Constitutional Amendments (recommended for classroom use)
  • The Powers of Government in a Federal System (total length 3:58) from Standard Deviants School American Government: Federalism
  • Shared Powers in the United States Constitution (total length 1:07) from Understanding the Constitution: Creating the Federal Government
  • State Government (total length 4:01) from TLC Elementary School: Separation of Powers
  • The Structure of the American Government (total length 4:15) from The Almost Painless Guide: Legislative Branch
  • Supremacy of the Constitution (total length 2:26) from Just the Facts: The Constitution: The United States Constitution (recommended for classroom use)

Civics on Demand

Additional Resources

Check out this one page Guide to the U.S. Constitution!


Textbook Review


Chapter 8, Section 1 - p. 202-206

Chapter 9, Section 4 - p. 239-242