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SS.912.A.6.1 World War II

Research and Inquiry Skills

late nineteenth and early twentieth century

global military, political, and economic challenges

the united states and the defense of the international peace

What you need to know...

  • You need to know the social, political, and economic causes of World War II.
  • You need to know the causes and consequences of World War II both domestically and internationally.
  • You need to know  the significance of specific wartime events and actions both on the home front and on the progress of the war.
  • You need to know  the role played by individuals in the war effort, including the involvement of women and minority groups in home front and overseas activities.
  • You need to know the role of technology in World War II and the political, economic, and social implications of the use of technology.
  • You need to know the long-term influences of the war on both domestic and international affairs.

Related terms to know include, but are not limited to:

Atlantic Charter, Coral Sea, Final Solution, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Holocaust, home front, Japanese-American internment, Lend-Lease Act, loyalty review boards, loyalty review program, Mary McLeod Bethune, Midway, national security, Normandy, Nuremberg Trials, Pearl Harbor, Potsdam, Salerno, Tehran Conference, United Nations, V-E Day, V-J Day, Yalta Conference. 

Example 1

What was a primary goal of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin when they met at the Yalta Conference in 1945?

A. setting up postwar aid for Great Britain

B. sharing the development of atomic weapons

C. protecting the colonial empires of the warring nations

D. settling major wartime issues of the Allied powers


Example 2

The war crimes trials in Nuremberg and Tokyo following World War II established the concept that

A. nations could be made to pay for wartime damages

B.  pardons should be granted to all accused war criminals

C.  those convicted should be given shorter sentences than ordinary criminals

D.  individuals could be held accountable for their actions in a war


Example 3

The policy of Cash and Carry, the Destroyers for Naval Bases Deal, and the Lend-Lease Act were all designed to

A. contribute to the success of the Axis powers

B. relieve unemployment caused by the Great Depression

C. guarantee a third term to President Franklin D. Roosevelt

D. aid the Allies without involving the U.S. in the war


Example 4

Rationing was used in the United States during World War II as a way to

A. ensure adequate supplies of scarce natural resources

B. increase the number of imports

C. raise production of consumer goods

D. provide markets for American-made products


Example 5

Base your answer to the following question on the
cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.


Which statement most accurately expresses the point of view of the cartoonist?

A. Isolationism is the safest policy for these countries to follow.

B. The United States is ignoring the threat caused by foreign aggression.

C. Trade restrictions are more of a threat than leaders recognize.

D. England can defend itself against Axis aggression.


Example 6

During World War II, women and minorities made economic gains mainly because

A. a shortage of traditional labor created new opportunities in the workplace

B. more educational opportunities increased the number of skilled workers in these groups

C. labor unions successfully demanded equal opportunities for these groups

D. new civil rights legislation forced businesses to change their hiring practices


Example 7

A major cause of the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II was

A. national segregation policies

B. immigration quotas

C. racial prejudice

D. economic depression


Example 8

After World War II, the United States was better able than its allies to adjust its economy from wartime to peacetime because the United States

A. possessed nuclear weapons

B. raised tariffs on imports

C. had collected its war debts from the Allies

D. had suffered no widespread wartime destruction

Example 9

A. Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
B. Germany invades Poland.
C. MacArthur dictates a democratic constitution to Japan.
D. Allies invade Europe on D-Day.

Which sequence of these events related to World War II is in the correct chronological order?

A.  D → B → A → C

B.  B → A → D → C

C.  C → A → B → D

D.  A → B → C → D



Example 10

Base your answer to the question underneath on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

gas ww2

This World War II cartoon was used to encourage Americans to

A. buy war bonds

B. conserve natural resources

C. serve in the armed forces

D. work in war industries


Example 11

The excerpt below is from an order issued in Florida during World War II.

You are hereby requested to take the following steps to comply with the recent blackout order . . .
(1) . . . have extinguished all street lights on water front streets and highways at once . . .
(2) Screen water front side lights on all streets running down to the water front . . .
(3) Screen all advertising lights and lighted windows near beach front . . .
(4) Screen all bright lights on seawards side, directly visible from the sea, and within two miles from the water front . . .
(5) In case of brightly lighted installation near beach have the light so directed and screened so that no direct light can be seen from off shore.
By order of the: Palm Beach Civilian Defense Council
O.B. Carr, Executive Director

Why did the state of Florida issue this order?

A. to limit community social activities during the war

B. to conserve scarce energy resources during the war

C. to conceal coastal military operations from German spies

D. to protect coastal settlements from German submarine attacks



In Your Textbook

book cover

Chapters 16 and 17

Pages 526 - 599

World War II
Please select a video file.

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