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Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)

What is an FBA?

A Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) is a comprehensive and individualized, problem-solving process that addresses challenging behavior. It incorporates a variety of techniques and strategies to gather information as a means of understanding the specific reasons for the student’s problem behavior and how a student’s behavior relates to or is affected by his/her environment. An FBA looks at behavior in terms of what the behavior accomplishes for the individual child, rather then the effects of the behavior on others. When conducting an FBA, it is important to gain understanding about what a child does (the behavior) and, more importantly, why a child does it (the function). Behaviors, even problem behaviors, usually serve a useful “function”, or purpose, for the child.