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SS.912.A.5.3 Roaring Twenties

Research and Inquiry Skills

late nineteenth and early twentieth century

global military, political, and economic challenges

the united states and the defense of the international peace

What you need to know...

  • You will need to be able to recognize that while the United States shaped isolationist political policies, it greatly expanded its economic ties to Europe and developed an industrial economy that conducted business in global markets.
  • You will need to know the extent to which United States economic foreign policy led to prosperity at home and abroad.

Terms to know include, but are not limited to:
anarchists, Communists, Dawes Plan, demobilization, disarmament, flappers, Fordney-McCumber Act, impact of climate and natural disasters, Jazz Age, Prohibition, Red Scare, Roaring Twenties, Sacco and Vanzetti, tariffs, Teapot Dome.

Example 1

Which action best demonstrated the United States effort to isolate itself from European conflicts after World War I?


a. lowering tariff rates


b. attempting to improve relations with Asia


c. failing to sign international disarmament agreements


d. refusing to join the League of Nations


Example 2

Use your knowledge of U.S. history and the political cartoon below to select which statement best summarizes the economic relationship between the U.S. and Europe during the 1920s.


A. Regardless of the fact that our market was in short supply of numerous goods post-WWI, we suggested open door policies with European countries.

B. As European countries struggled to recover post-WWI, they approached a dominate U.S. market that was in possession of numerous supplies

C. Although Europe countries established a stable economic market post-WWI, they approached the U.S. with a need for agricultural items.

D. European countries refused to trade agricultural goods with U.S. post-WWI due to the fact that Russia was omitted from the Treaty of Versailles


Example 3

The convictions of Sacco and Vanzetti in the 1920s most closely reflected the
a. increase in nativist attitudes
b. federal government’s war on crime
c. corruption of political machines
d. rise in labor unrest


Example 4

The 1920’s are sometimes called the "Roaring Twenties" because

a. foreign trade prospered after World War I
b. the United States assumed a leadership role in world affairs
c. political reforms made government more democratic
d. widespread social and economic change occurred


Example 5

Which events best support the image of the 1920’s as a decade of nativist sentiment?

a. the passage of the National Origins Act and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan
b. the Scopes trial and the passage of women’s suffrage
c. the Washington Naval Conference and the Kellogg-Briand Pact
d. the growth of the auto industry and the Teapot Dome Affair


Example 6

The economic boom and the financial speculation of the 1920’s were caused in part by

a. installment buying and an unregulated stock market

b. the expansion of civil rights to women and minorities

c. the mobilization of the economy for war

d. increased government restrictions on big business


Example 7

Which conclusion can be drawn from the occurrence of the Red Scare and the decision of the Supreme Court in Schenck v. United States?

a. Immigrants to the United States are consistently denied equal protection under the law.

b. A person’s best protection from persecution rests with the Supreme Court.

c. Civil rights are sometimes compromised by the public’s fear of radical political groups

d. Violent protests in the United States are usually met with a violent response from the government.


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In Your Textbook

book cover

Chapter 13 

Page 432-461

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